Biocultural innovations for climate resilience
Krystyna Luna SWIDERSKA
International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED)
Powerpoint presentation rich in photos, to present evidence of the role of traditional knowledge, genetic resources, culture and landscapes (ie. biocultural heritage) and related innovations in climate resilience and adaptation. The presentation will highlight key findings from the SIFOR project on the nature and extent of biocultural innovation, its role in adaptation, the conditions that foster innovation, and ways to strengthen innovation systems. It will highlight key successful innovations - including the crop diversification strategy of the Potato Park (Peru), and Participatory Plant Breeding in China - based on a quantitative impact study. It will also highlight evidence of the role of biocultural heritage in adaptation arising from the International Network of Mountain Indigenous Peoples which is holding a pre-COP meeting in the Atlas mountains. Finally it will identify key tools being developed for enhancing climate resilience - an adaptive model for Biocultural Heritage Territories for indigenous-led landscape management and a Biocultural Heritage Indication for branding indigenous products.
I am a Principal Researcher at IIED where I have conducted research on indigenous peoples’ rights for nearly 20 years, with a particular focus on traditional knowledge, genetic resources and biocultural heritage. I coordinate a large EU funded project 'Smallholder Innovation for Resilience: Strengthening innovation systems for food security in the face of climate change' which is entering its 5th and final year. It has explored traditional knowledge-based or 'biocultural' innovations with 64 indigenous communities in the Potato Park Peru, Southwest China, Himalayas and coastal Kenya. I also provide support for the International Network of Mountain Indigenous Peoples for synthesis and analysis of evidence on the role of biocultural heritage in climate resilience arising through its annual 'walking workshops' involving 21 communities from 10 countries.