Understanding climate change: local knowledge / global minds
Université Paris 8 Vincennes-Saint-Denis, France
One of the main questions in the recent climate change problem is how humanity can face the challenge of the reduction of greenhouse gases. How individuals in all around the world can understand the climate change problem and act in an ethical way? This paper proposes to analyse, in a first time, how local knowledge can contribute to understanding the global, systemic character of climate and climate change. Based on the analyses of the literature we will compare how knowledge on climate and how direct climatic experiences versus the lack of knowledge and direct experience can provide local/global views on climatic change. In a second time, the results of our research will be exposed. In a comparative perspective the correlation between local knowledge on climate and the evaluation of the possibilities and efficiency of individual and collective implication in climate change actions will be compared in four contexts: Paris, French Alps, French Guyana and New Caledonia. The analyses are based on 190 semi-directive interviews realised with adults. Results show a high correlation between the complexity of local knowledge and the evaluation of the possibility and efficiency individual and collective (community) implication. The results will be discussed in the light of relevant literature.
Annamaria Lammel is a professor (maître de conférences, HDR) of Psychology at the University of Paris 8, Vincennes-Saint Denis, France. She is a fellow researcher at the Laboratory of Paragraph, University of Paris 8. Since 2014, responsible for e-Lab Interaction between climate system and human system of the Complex Systems’ Campus of the UNESCO. Expert IPCC WGII (2010-2014), expert for the United Nation Environment Project GEO-6 (2015-2016).
She received her Ph.D. in anthropology at the University of Debrecen, Hungary (1989), her M.A.(1980) in anthropology at the University of Sciences Eötvös Lorand of Budapest, Hungary, her MA in cognitive psychology at EHESS (Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, Paris) (1990), and her professorial thesis (Habilitation à Diriger des Recherches) at the University of Paris 8 (2014).
Primary Area of Expertise: human adaptation to climate and global climate change, anthropology, cognitive and cross-cultural psychology.
Secondary Areas of Expertise: cognitive processes, adaptive behaviour, cognitive vulnerability, cultural mediation related to climate change.
Dr. Lammel has presented her research findings in more than hundred conferences and in several universities : France, Hungary, US, Spain, Poland, Norway, Germany, the Netherlands, Chile, Canada, Mexico, Taiwan, Aruba, Switzerland, England, New-Caledonia, South-Africa, India, Brésil. She has organized and co-chaired several International meetings. She has published eight books; contributed numerous chapters in advanced research volumes and monographs and published numerous articles in academic journals.